Mother Lindsay Barnes already knows what the National Retail Federation is reporting in a recent study - it costs a lot to send kids back to school.
The federation said this month that families will spend an average of $101.18 per student for school supplies alone, a 12 percent increase from last year. When clothes, shoes and electronics are included, the tab runs to $669.28 per family with kids in kindergarten through high school, its data showed.
Barnes said she is "beyond dreading" back-to-school shopping for her second-grader. She is particularly concerned by the amount of classroom supplies she expects she will have to buy, after getting a list last summer requesting "a ridiculous amount of supplies." "They wanted something like 72 No. 2 pencils," Barnes said. "I don't see why a first-grader would need that many pencils. I don't even think I've used 72 pencils in my entire life." The retail federation report speculated that one reason for the increase in school-supply spending could be "school districts' growing requests for classroom supply contributions." "I honestly feel like we're footing the bill for the entire school," Barnes said. "It didn't seem fair."
Mandy Taylor, who teaches sixth grade in the Phoenix area, said she understands parents' frustrations because she is in the same boat. Taylor said she sends about $500 of her own money each year on classroom basics such as pens, paper and "inspirational posters." "I am very appreciative to parents that are willing to spend the extra dollar and help out," said Taylor, who said parents are never required to buy supplies, let alone specific brands. She asks parents to look at the supply lists as suggestions.
"I know it may seem ludicrous and a bit ridiculous" to ask for specific products, she said. "But we go through a lot, mainly pencils, and the name brands, like Crayola, hold up better. We know they will last all year." Nancy Dudenhoefer, spokeswoman for an Arizona school district, said teachers have to ask because there's only so much in the budget for supplies. The state only provides "a certain number of funds and that doesn't go to pencils," she said.
Ashley Dammen, an Arizona Department of Education spokeswoman, said the state provides funds to each district for classroom resources but it has "no requirement for schools to provide teachers with supplies." The state leaves it to the districts to decide "how they spend those funds," she said.
In the schools, that money goes to things like textbooks and computers, Dudenhoefer said.
Alyssa Martin, a first-grade teacher, said she got a $150 Target gift card from the district as a first-time teacher last year, but still spent about $600 of her own money getting her classroom together.
"The district gives what they can. But things get dirty and little kids go through things fast," said Martin, who said she relies on parents for help.
She said most parents are willing to help fulfill her "wish lists," which include traditional supplies, like markers and crayons, as well as cleaning products like Lysol Wipes and paper towels.
"I don't require anything, but I can't do it all myself," Martin said. "I am very grateful for the parents who help me out." It's not just elementary schools parents who feel the pinch.
Carly Tatroe said she was not surprised by having to spend $125 on school supplies last year for her then-eighth-grade daughter, Brielle. But she was "shocked" to see the same school district that asked for the supplies turn around and give every student in her Brielle's class an iPad for classroom use.
"I found it ironic that they had iPads, but no copy paper," said Tatroe, who said last year's list included a request for 200 staples from every student.
With Brielle starting high school Monday, Tatroe is gearing up for a back-to-school shopping trip - but expects to have "less incentive" if the new school offers iPads to students.
Jill Hildwine has seen the issue from both side, as mother of four children and as a former teacher who now substitutes.
Hildwine "grumbles about school-supply shopping" but said she does it because she knows that the teachers need help - even though, like the other parents, she feels she is over-spending.
"I want to be a good parent and help out, but to look at a list like that and I don't have a bazillon dollars to spend on that," she said. "It puts a bad taste in my mouth." But Hildwine, who will have a fifth- and a seventh-grader this fall, said she expects the spending to rise as her two toddlers reach school age.
"I'm going to have to get, like, a part-time job," she said. "I'm not opposed to that. I'm sure the older the boys get, the more I will have to spend." Families shopping for back-to-school supplies can expect to see increases across the board this year, according to estimates from the National Retail Federation.
-Experts estimate that more than $26.5 billion will be spent on clothing, shoes, supplies and electronics in the 2014 back-to-school shopping season.
-Spending per household is expected to rise by 5 percent compared to last year, even though total spending will fall slightly because of a smaller number of students.
-More than $8.4 billon will be spent on electronics, according to the estimates.
-Electronics sales are expected to increase by 7 percent from last year.
-The average family is expected to spend about $212.35 on electronics, compared to last year's $199.05.
-For K-12 grades, high school students are expected to spend the most on electronics, estimated total spending at $229.
-Spending on school supplies is expected to grow 12 percent this year, to an average of $101.18 per family compared with last year's $90.49.
-68 percent of shoppers plan to buy from discount stores while 54.4 percent will shop at department and brand-name stores.