Supply of Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine to remain low while regulators clear plant

Vials with a sticker reading, "COVID-19 / Coronavirus vaccine / Injection only" and a medical syringe are seen in front of a displayed Johnson & Johnson logo in this illustration taken October 31, 2020.
REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

Johnson & Johnson will ship relatively few COVID-19 shots around the United States until it receives regulatory clearance for a large vaccine plant in Baltimore that has struggled to meet quality control standards, a top White House Health official said on a Friday press conference.

J&J is working closely with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to resolve the issues holding up authorization, said Jeff Zients, the White House’s COVID-19 response coordinator.

Once J&J receives authorization for its Baltimore facility, it expects to start shipping 8 million doses per week towards the end of April, Zients said, adding J&J remains on track to deliver around 100 million shots by the end of May.

J&J’s shot was authorized for use in the United States in late February but has faced production challenges in its Baltimore manufacturing facility, which is owned by Emergent BioSolutions Inc.

J&J has taken over operations of the facility after Emergent ruined 15 million J&J doses in recent weeks due to manufacturing errors.

The issues related to the Emergent BioSolutions plant have impacted the number of J&J shots New York state is receiving. According to Governor Andrew Cuomo, next week, the Empire State will receive just 34,900 doses of the J&J vaccine — representing an 88% week-over-week decline.

“While no appointments should have to be cancelled, we will not be able to get as many shots into New Yorkers’ arms as we would like,” Cuomo said in a statement Friday. “We hope the production issues are resolved as soon as possible, and that production ramps up quickly so we can expand the number of New Yorkers who are vaccinated. In the meantime, we thank the Biden Administration for their herculean efforts to vaccinate all Americans, and look forward to continuing our partnership to stamp out COVID once and for all.”

Cases of COVID-19 have been rising in the United States, with the current seven-day average hovering around 64,000 new cases per day, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention director Rochelle Walensky said on the call.

The U.S. government plans to continue allocating shots based on population rather than surging doses to the areas that have been hardest hit by the virus, Zients said.

“We will be offering to states with significant increases in cases a set of additional tools to help them to stem the spread,” including a surge of federal personnel to help states administer their existing dose supplies, Zients said.

“Today, millions of doses have been distributed but have not yet been administered as shots in arms,” Zients added.

The United States remains on track to give out 200 million doses by President Joe Biden’s 100th day in office, Zients said. It has so far dosed 112 million people and fully vaccinated 66 million people, he said.

Top U.S. infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci said he has no concerns that COVID-19 cases reported in vaccinated people indicate any change in the effectiveness of authorized shots.

With reporting by Robert Pozarycki of amNewYork Metro

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