NewsElections How judges are elected in New York City Civil Court and Supreme Court jurists go to voters. Not all judges in New York are selected by voters. Photo Credit: Jamie McCarthy By Nicole Brown email@example.com @ncb417 Updated November 5, 2018 2:25 PM Print Share fbShare Tweet Email Not sure who all those judges are on your ballot? You're not alone. The elections of New York judges can get confusing. Some judges in New York City, including those on family and criminal courts, are appointed by the mayor. Others are elected, although voters often aren't offered a choice of candidates on Election Day. Scroll down to find out more about the process of judicial elections. What positions are elected? The Civil Court of the City of New York What it does: Decides lawsuits that involve claims up to $25,000. Terms of judges: 10 years The Supreme Court (statewide) What it does: Decides cases outside the authority of lower courts, including civil matters involving claims of more than $25,000, divorce, separation and annulment and criminal prosecutions of felonies. Terms of judges: 14 years How are judges nominated? Nominees for the state’s Supreme Court are selected at a judicial convention. There, judicial delegates vote for the nominees who will appear on the general election ballot. Delegates, who are elected during the primaries, are typically “handpicked” by party officials, according to the Brennan Center for Justice. They don’t run campaigns so voters don’t know who they are when they appear on the ballots. Then, at the convention, the delegates usually vote to approve the judges preferred by the party leaders, the Brennan Center for Justice says. Because of this, voters often don't get a choice on Election Day. The ballot will instruct you to choose four names from the four names listed below. Additionally, because of cross-party endorsements, the same names are sometimes listed under all party lines. The nominees for Civil Court are elected in primary elections like any other candidate, but they often run uncontested. How to learn more about the judges on your ballot In addition to searching their names for media coverage or websites, voters can check the court system’s Voter Guide to read bios of the candidates (if they submitted them). They can also check the Independent Judicial Election Qualification Commissions’ ratings and the New York City Bar Association’s evaluations of each candidate. By Nicole Brown firstname.lastname@example.org @ncb417 Nicole Brown is the Internet News Manager at amNY.com, covering local news since 2016. She has written for MSNBC.com and was editor-in-chief of NYU’s Washington Square News. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Comments We're revamping our Comments section. Learn more and share your input.