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OpinionEditorial

Trump’s new attack on Affordable Care Act could hurt millions

Participants hold signs while protesting the repeal and

Participants hold signs while protesting the repeal and replacement of the Affordable Care Act on July 29, 2017, in Manhattan. Photo Credit: LightRocket via Getty Images / Pacific Press

President Donald Trump, having defeated those striving to tar him with colluding with the Russian government to win the White House, was expected to devote all his energy to a long, needling victory lap. Instead, he quickly plunged back into an old battle, picking a fight with Democrats on an issue in which they’ve consistently outpolled him, with no weapons, no plan, no clear goal and few allies.

Trump’s Justice Department now wants a federal appeals court to strike down the Affordable Care Act in its entirety. Until Monday, the Justice Department had defended much of what remained of the ACA after Congress repealed the fine imposed for refusing to buy insurance.

Chaos could ensue

Repeal of the ACA could throw the nation’s health care system and the lives of tens of millions of people into a chaos many Republican members of Congress and Trump have promised to avoid. If the ACA disappears, 23 million people could lose their health insurance, including 12 million now on Medicaid, 9 million who receive federal subsidies to buy coverage and 2 million young adults who get coverage through their parents’ plans. Close to 3 million New Yorkers could lose coverage.

Medically assisted treatment for opioid addicts would be slashed. Lifetime coverage caps could be reintroduced, meaning those who need care most would lose all coverage once their treatments became too expensive. Bankruptcies would again skyrocket. Many would lose access to free mammograms, cholesterol tests and birth control. And about 130 million Americans with pre-existing conditions might not be able to get health insurance, or might not be covered for their existing problems by the policies they can get, or might have to pay staggering rates.

The ACA was never perfect, and Republicans and Trump have weakened it badly. They’ve refused to promote the exchanges, depressing enrollment. Only 34 states accepted the Medicaid expansion, so millions of people who could have had coverage never got it. But the ACA has helped tens of millions of people, and striking it down without a plan to replace it will do them real harm.

Many legal experts think it unlikely that the whole law will be struck down because many other aspects of the ACA operate independently of the repealed fine for refusal to buy coverage. But the Justice Department’s refusal to defend federal law bolsters the legal effort to kill the law.

A prescription for political defeat

Today, tens of millions of Americans face medical bills they can’t afford. Prices for prescription drugs many Americans depend on are outrageous. Many people who are eligible for free or subsidized coverage are not enrolled, often because they do not know they qualify. And millions of people in the 16 states that did not expand Medicaid lack free coverage they should have.

If Trump wants the GOP to be “the party of health care,” as he said March 26, it would be welcome. But tearing down aspects of the ACA that make coverage affordable and available for a large segment of the nation, when he ought to be improving health care, is a prescription for political defeat. Worse, it’s a direct attack on the lives and finances of the Americans he has promised to protect.

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