Rockefeller Center is home to NYC's iconic Christmas tree. (Credit: Anthony Lanzilote)
Credit: Tishman Speyer
Rock Center has been eyeing this year's tree for seven years
The 2017 tree, a 75-foot-tall Norway spruce that's 80 years old and weighs almost 12 tons, came from State College, Pennsylvania. It was found by Rockefeller Center's head gardener, Erik Pauze, on his trip to see a football game in 2010. Each year, Pauze would visit the tree to monitor its growth and speak with its owner, Jason Perrin.
"This is a spectacular tree that I know many people will enjoy this Christmas and holiday season lit up in Rockefeller Center," Perrin, a school superintendent, said in a statement.
Credit: Getty Images / Spencer Platt
The hunt for the following year's tree begins more than a year in advance
"It's an all-year process, where I'm constantly looking for trees to put on the list," Pauze said. "I go around and visit prospective trees. If you get a tree that's halfway decent looking, and you go visit it and it looks good in the picture but you get up close, and it's not, then you go around that area, because maybe the climate and the weather isn't too bad, so there may be another good one there."
Credit: Tishman Speyer / Gabe Palacio
The tree is a donation -- no money exchanges hands
It may come as a surprise to some people, but Rockefeller Center does not pay for the tree, according to Pauze, who confirms, "the tree is a donation." Of course, Rockefeller Center's owner, Tishman Speyer, absorbs any costs associated with transporting it, but those who provide the tree are compensated with knowing the joy the tree gives everyone.
Credit: Habitat for Humanity
The tree won't go to waste after it's taken down
The tree gets recycled, but don't expect to see it in a blue recycling bin. Instead, it will be milled into lumber for a home to be built by Habitat for Humanity.
"We take it down, get it out of the plaza, and get it to a place in New Jersey," explains Rockefeller Center's Pauze. "We mill it, then get it down to what's usable and kiln-dry it. You're not going to be able to build an entire house, but you'll get a couple of window or door frames. It's a pretty cool piece to have in your house."
Part of the 2014 tree was used in the construction of a house in Philadelphia. Another interesting tidbit: The wood is stamped "Rockefeller Center Tree" with the corresponding year.
Pictured: Lumber milled from the 2010 Rockefeller Christmas tree that was used to build this home in upstate Newburgh.
Credit: Bing Maps
Speaking of being eco-friendly, hundreds of solar panels power the lights
That's right: If the power goes out in Manhattan, don't blame the tree for draining the city's supply. Hundreds of solar panels atop Rockefeller Center, pictured, help power its lights. "There's a big electrical feed coming out of the basement connected to the tree and the panels," says Pauze.
Credit: Getty Images / Brad Barket
The lights are on wire long enough to stretch from 30 Rock to Battery Park
The tree itself obviously doesn't stretch that far, but the wire that the 45,000 multi-colored, energy-efficient LED lights are strung on is five miles long. And getting that stunning, twinkling effect is no easy task: A computer program was created -- it took three months to build -- to get that magical look.
The tree has been an NBC star since the 1950s
Long before the "Today" show crew began hosting "Christmas in Rockefeller Center," the tree kicked off its starring televised role on NBC in 1951, when the lighting was televised on the "The Kate Smith Show." And from 1953 to 1955, the tree lighting was part of the "The Howdy Doody Show."
Pictured: Bob Smith as Buffalo Bob Smith and Lew Anderson as Clarabell the Clown, during a televised taping of the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree lighting on "The Howdy Doody Show."
The tree must look good from all angles -- aka, be TV- and photo-ready
Like those who claim to have a "good side" and a "bad side," the tree must have no "bad side." Says Pauze: "I'm looking for a perfect tree that's going to look great in front of 30 Rockefeller Plaza. It's got to look good from all sides, because it's viewed from all the angles, like the Fifth Avenue side or when people come around the corner from Radio City Music Hall or when people come out of the subway. It's constantly on TV on the "Today" show, and the NBC special, so it's got to look good."
Credit: Getty Images / Rob Kim
Revealed: The number of crystals and facets behind the Swarovski star
The tree has been topped with a crystal star from Swarovski for more than a decade. The 9.5-foot in diameter and 1.5-foot-deep star is adorned with 25,000 crystals and 1 million facets.
Credit: Getty Images
A non-green Christmas tree? It's happened -- but just once
Blasphemy! A non-green Christmas tree may rub traditionalists the wrong way, but, in 1949, Rockefeller Center opted to paint the tree silver, pictured, to make it look like snow, in light of the real stuff's absence.
Credit: Tishman Speyer / Gregory Scaffidi
Families who donate trees are part of the process, right through to the lighting
"They get invited down [to Rockefeller Center] after we cut the tree down, and they come down when we put it up, and they get to hang around that day," says Pauze of the families who donate the trees and who get front-row access to the tree lighting, elbow-to-elbow with other VIPs. "When we light it up, they hang around and get to enjoy the festivities." Pauze says he also occasionally stops by the homes of previous years' donators when he's in the area.
1966 was a year of firsts: Think country of origin and distance traveled
In 1966, Canada donated a white spruce, pictured, from Petawawa Forest -- located 120 miles north of Ottawa, Ontario -- in honor of the country's 1967 centennial, making it the first and only time the tree was not U.S.-born. (Think of it as a Green Card holder. Get it?). The 64-foot evergreen traveled 550 miles to New York City, the longest trip for a Rockefeller Center Christmas tree. Does Pauze prefer a tree that hails from the United States? No. "I prefer a tree that is perfect and looks good in front of Rockefeller Center," he says.
Credit: Getty Images / Brad Barket
Two things the tree seems to be immune to: crime and bird snafus
One may think that at one point, a ne'er-do-well may have wanted to cause harm to midtown Manhattan's beloved tree, pictured in 2014. But, according to Pauze, it's never happened, thanks to top-notch, around-the-clock security. "I've been with Rockefeller Center for [more than] 28 years," says Pauze, "and I've never had any problems. There's a fence around it, and Rockefeller Center security is there." As for birds causing trouble and getting caught in the five-mile-long wire, they appear to mind their own business. "There are birds flying in and out all the time," Pauze says. "They fly in, they fly out."