NewsPolitics Senate confirmation hearings for Trump’s Cabinet picks: What to know Former Texas Gov. Rick Perry, left, and Exxon Mobil CEO Rex Tillerson, right, are among Donald Trump's nominees who will need to be approved by the Senate. Photo Credit: Getty Images / Kena Betancur; Nicholas Kamm By Nicole Brown email@example.com Updated March 15, 2017 2:08 PM Print Share Share Tweet Share Email Rex Tillerson, Ben Carson, Jeff Sessions and others nominated by President Donald Trump for Cabinet roles had to be confirmed by the Senate before they could officially take their roles in the administration. All the secretaries and directors of U.S. departments need Senate confirmation, while advisory roles do not. Reince Priebus and Stephen Bannon — Trump’s picks for chief of staff and chief strategist, respectively — are among the appointees who didn't need further approval. Senate confirmations of these executive roles require a simple majority, instead of the 60 votes needed to pass legislation. This differs from the confirmation of Supreme Court justices, which requires approval from at least 60 senators. Here’s what you need to know about the confirmations of Cabinet members and other top roles: How many appointments have to be confirmed by the Senate? The Senate must confirm over 1,000 positions in the executive branch, but some will receive more attention than others. The most important positions to be confirmed are the Cabinet members, all of whom need Senate approval. Here are the Cabinet nominees and some of the others who will need Senate confirmation: Secretary of state: Rex TillersonTreasury secretary: Steven MnuchinDefense secretary: James MattisAttorney general: Jeff SessionsSecretary of the Interior: Ryan ZinkeCommerce secretary: Wilbur RossLabor secretary: R. Alexander AcostaSecretary of health and human services: Tom PriceSecretary of housing and urban development: Ben CarsonTransportation secretary: Elaine ChaoEnergy secretary: Rick PerryEducation secretary: Betsy DeVosSecretary of homeland security: John KellySecretary of agriculture: Sonny PerdueSecretary of Veterans Affairs: David ShulkinDirector of National Intelligence: Dan CoatsCIA director: Mike PompeoU.S. Trade Representative: Robert LighthizerEPA administrator: Scott PruittAdministrator of the Small Business Administration: Linda McMahonWhite House Office of Management and Budget director: Mick MulvaneyU.S. ambassador to the United Nations: Nikki Haley What is the confirmation process? After a nominee is selected, the individual must be cleared by the FBI. After the background investigation, the nomination is considered by the Senate. The nomination is first reviewed by a Senate committee, which can vote to send the nomination directly to the Senate floor for a vote or can hold hearings on the nomination. Some committees hold hearings on all nominations, while others only hold hearings for some nominations. After a committee reviews the nomination, it refers it to the full Senate favorably, unfavorably or without recommendation. A simple majority must be met in the committee to refer the nomination. The full Senate then votes on the nomination, and the nominee needs a simple majority to be appointed. A committee can also vote to not refer the nomination to the full Senate, which will kill the nomination. In some cases, the full Senate can vote to move the nomination along without a referral from the committee. Some nominations are able to bypass committee referral as a result of the Senate Resolution 116, which passed in 2011 to allow an expedited process for some positions. When does the process take place? The confirmation process began on Jan. 10, 2017 with a hearing for Sessions, Trump's pick for attorney general. Here's who still needs to appear at a hearing: R. Alexander Acosta: Secretary of laborSonny Perdue: Secretary of agricultureRobert Lighthizer: U.S. Trade Representative Here's who has been approved by the full Senate: Dan Coats: Director of National IntelligenceRick Perry: Energy secretaryBen Carson: Secretary of housing and urban developmentRyan Zinke: Secretary of the InteriorWilbur Ross: Commerce secretaryScott Pruitt: EPA administratorMick Mulvaney: White House Office of Management and Budget directorLinda McMahon: Administrator of the Small Business AdministrationSteven Mnuchin: Treasury secretaryDavid Shulkin: Secretary of Veterans AffairsTom Price: Secretary of health and human servicesJeff Sessions: Attorney generalBetsy DeVos: Education secretaryElaine Chao: Transportation secretaryRex Tillerson: Secretary of StateNikki Haley: U.S. ambassador to the United NationsMike Pompeo: CIA directorJames: Mattis: Defense secretaryJohn Kelly: Director of homeland security None of Trump's nominees have been blocked as of March 15, however, the president's choice for labor secretary, Andrew Puzder, withdrew his name from consideration on Feb. 15. 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